Viral Hepatitis: Lifestyle Measures and Precautions to Prevent Liver Damage | Health

Liver diseases are quite prone these days as some patients inherit them genetically and some are caused by alcohol or excessive consumption of fatty foods, therefore there are several types of viruses that cause hepatitis including hepatitis A, B, C, D and E. If not treated at the right time, countless liver diseases such as diabetes, hepatitis B, hepatitis C and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis can occur.

Cystic fibrosis is an example of a genetically inherited disease that has an aversive impact on organs. These diseases can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle, avoiding alcohol intake and following a proper regimen and diet as advised by the dietician.

In an interview with HT Lifestyle, Dr. K Chandra Kant, Consultant Medical Gastroenterologist at Manipal Hospitals in Vijayawada, revealed: “Viral hepatitis means liver damage caused by infectious and non-infectious causes. Infectious causes include hepatitis viruses (A, B, C, D, and E), HSV, and CMV. Noninfectious causes include alcohol, medications such as Ayurvedic, homeopathy, anti-tuberculous medications, Wilson’s disease, and autoimmune hepatitis. Hepatitis A and E are usually acute, from which the body can quickly recover, but hepatitis B, C, and D can cause both acute and chronic infections. Although most patients can recover, several measures can ensure the prevention of liver damage due to viral hepatitis, such as early diagnosis and treatments to prevent progressive liver damage and liver cancer.

He suggested: “In terms of lifestyle practices, the key is to avoid alcohol, eat a healthy diet, and discuss medications and supplements with your doctor (including over-the-counter medications) and personal hygiene. In addition, screening of pregnant women, school children, timely vaccination for Hepatitis A and B, vaccination of health workers, use of condoms during sexual activity can help prevent liver damage. Early detection can help find liver cancer early. Evaluation of family members helps in early diagnosis and treatment.”

According to Dr. Rajasekhar Perumalla, senior liver and hepatobiliary transplant surgeon and director of hepatobiliary and transplant surgery at Kamineni Hospitals in Hyderabad, “It is advisable to diagnose the diseases at an early stage with proper screening tests to assess function and well-being. of the liver. Hepatitis B and C are caused in high-risk populations, early detection and proper medication can prevent them. Hepatitis A and B can be prevented with the help of a vaccine.”

He listed some tips on lifestyle measures and precautions to prevent liver damage due to viral hepatitis:

1. Make sure you drink clean water – Make sure the water is clean. It is preferable to install water purifiers with UV, RO and/or mechanical filtration, using candle filters than to do it alone. Candle filters are built into most commercially available water purifiers. Apartment complexes that rely on a borehole source must install an additional candle filter. It is recommended to use bottled mineral water from reputable retailers and established brands while traveling.

2. Stay away from roadside food stallsespecially the ones that sell smoothies and juices.

3. Barber shops and beauty salons – If razor blades are not disposable or properly sterilized, sharing razor blades and metal scrapers used to remove blackheads and whiteheads from facial skin can act as a source of infection.

Four. Hepatitis B and HCV are sexually transmitted more often than HCV. Therefore, safe sexual behaviors must be observed.

5. Intravenous drug use (IVDU) is becoming increasingly common on Indian college campuses. Sharing needles often occurs when the person is not fully awake. Inform your children about the risk.

6. Hepatitis A and B are prevented by vaccination. Hepatitis B-induced liver cancer is the only cancer prevented by vaccination.

7. Early detection long-term silent persistence can be done with screening for HBV and HCV. Both viruses that cause liver cancer and cirrhosis are effectively treatable.